HomeBlogCybersecurity ThreatsIoT Security Risks: How To Protect Your Organization

IoT Security Risks: How To Protect Your Organization

The Internet of Things (IoT) transforms how organizations interact with their customers, but it also opens up new security risks. As businesses embrace the promise of connected devices, they must also be aware of the potential vulnerabilities that come with them. That’s why organizations need to protect themselves from IoT security risks.

IoT Security Risks
IoT Security Risks

First of all, what is IoT devices

IoT stands for the “Internet of Things.” It refers to the growing network of devices, appliances, and other physical objects connected to the internet and able to collect and exchange data. This includes everything from smartphones and laptops to smart home devices like thermostats and security cameras, industrial equipment like sensors and robots.

IoT devices are typically equipped with sensors and other technology to collect and transmit data. They can also be programmed to act based on the data they collect or receive.

For example, a smart thermostat can be programmed to adjust the temperature in a room based on the time of day, or a sensor on a piece of industrial equipment can be programmed to send an alert if the equipment is experiencing a problem.

The IoT allows devices to be connected, communicate and share data, with other devices and systems, in a way that wasn’t possible before, and makes life and business more efficient. The data from these devices can be analyzed and used to improve operations, create new products and services, and optimize customer experiences.

The IoT is a rapidly growing technology with increasing numbers of devices, systems, and applications being connected every day. It has the potential to revolutionize many industries and change the way we live and work.

Why IoT Security Is Important
Why IoT Security Is Important

Why IoT Security Is matters

Using connected devices creates enormous opportunities for organizations to access and share data faster than ever. But this increased connectivity also makes organizations more vulnerable to malicious attacks.

Without proper cybersecurity measures, hackers can access an organization’s sensitive information and wreak havoc on its operations. And since many IoT devices lack basic security features like encryption or authentication protocols, they can be easily compromised by attackers.

A checklist for IoT security:

  1. Change default login credentials for all devices and network equipment.
  2. Use unique and strong passwords for all devices and network equipment.
  3. Keep all devices and software up-to-date with the latest security patches and updates.
  4. Use encryption for all communications between devices and servers.
  5. Use a firewall to protect your network.
  6. Implement two-factor authentication for remote access to devices and network equipment.
  7. Regularly monitor your network for suspicious activity.
  8. Limit the number of users accessing devices and network equipment.
  9. Conduct regular vulnerability assessments and penetration testing on your IoT devices and network.
  10. Have a plan to respond to security incidents and breaches.

It’s also important to keep in mind that security for devices is a constantly evolving field, and thus, best practices and regulatory compliance change over time. Therefore, it’s essential to stay informed and update the procedures accordingly.

Decisions a company must make before they adopt IoT
Decisions a company must make before they adopt IoT

Decisions a company must make before they adopt IoT

Before a company decides to adopt IoT technology, several decisions need to be made. These include:

  1. Identifying the specific business problem or opportunity that IoT can help address.
  2. Determining which devices and services will be needed to solve the problem or take advantage of the opportunity.
  3. We are evaluating the proposed IoT solution’s costs and benefits, including the initial investment and ongoing expenses.
  4. Considering the potential cybersecurity risks and how to address them.
  5. We evaluate the necessary infrastructure, including data storage and processing capabilities and network connectivity.
  6. Deciding who will be responsible for managing and maintaining the devices and systems.
  7. Considering the privacy and data governance aspect, how to manage and protect the data collected.
  8. We are considering the future scalability and integration of the IoT solution with existing systems.
  9. Assessing the regulatory and compliance requirements that apply to the IoT solution.
  10. We are identifying the internal resources (people and processes) required to implement and operate the IoT solution.

By carefully considering each of these factors, a company can make an informed decision about whether to adopt IoT technology and how to implement it within their organization best.

IoT Security Risks
IoT Security Risks

IoT Security Risks

Fortunately, there are several steps organizations can take to protect themselves from these risks. First, organizations need to assess their current security capabilities and identify any gaps in their existing systems that could leave them vulnerable.

After identifying any potential weak spots, organizations should develop a comprehensive security plan that includes regular patching and updates and robust authentication protocols such as multi-factor authentication.

Additionally, organizations should consider investing in tools like network firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), or virtual private networks (VPNs).

These tools can help protect against malicious actors attempting to access through unsecured endpoints or networks. Finally, organizations should ensure they have a robust incident response plan in place, so they know how to respond if a breach does occur quickly.

Network segmentation

Network segmentation is an important security measure that can help protect your organization from the risks of IoT. By segmenting your network, you create distinct segments or networks within a larger network. Each segment has its own unique set of rules and security protocols, which limit access to certain devices and networks.

This way, if one segment is compromised, it won’t affect the other segments. This can help prevent malicious actors from gaining access to your entire network and the sensitive data it contains.

Additionally, segmenting your network can make it easier to monitor for suspicious activity and detect any potential threats by separating different types of devices or networks, you can identify which ones are more vulnerable and focus your security efforts on those areas.

Network segmentation can be a powerful tool for organizations looking to maximize their security while still taking advantage of the benefits of IoT security.


In today’s digital world, organizations need to stay ahead of emerging threats if they want to stay competitive. The Internet of Things is creating enormous opportunities for businesses worldwide, but it also comes with risks that must be addressed promptly and effectively if companies want to keep their data secure and out of the hands of malicious actors.

We live in an increasingly interconnected world where more and more devices are connected to the internet. This is creating a vast network of Internet of Things (IoT), that use this connection to send, receive, and store data.

Companies use this technology to understand their customers better, monitor their networks for suspicious activity, and increase efficiency. However, with this increased connectivity comes heightened security risks.

From data breaches to unsecured endpoints, organizations must be aware of the potential threats that come with IoT technology and take steps to protect themselves. By assessing their current capabilities and developing a comprehensive security plan, organizations can secure their systems while taking advantage of IoT’s benefits.

At the end of the day, each organization needs to decide for itself whether using IoT is worth the risk and resources. By carefully considering all the factors involved in implementing an IoT solution, companies can make a well-informed decision about whether to proceed with the project and how best to do so.

With the right planning and security measures, organizations can keep their systems safe while taking advantage of all the opportunities that come with IoT technology.

Read more about cybersecurity on my website.


How can I protect my IoT security?

There are several steps you can take to protect your IoT security:
Change default login credentials: Many IoT have default usernames and passwords that are easily found online. Be sure to change these to strong and unique login credentials to keep hackers out.
Keep devices and software updated: Make sure to install the latest security updates and patches for all of your IoT and software. Manufacturers often release updates to fix known vulnerabilities.
Use encryption: Use encryption for all communications between your devices and servers. This will help protect your data from being intercepted by hackers.
Use a firewall: Use a firewall to protect your home network and all of your IoT. This will help keep hackers out and prevent malware from spreading to your devices.
Implement two-factor authentication: Use two-factor authentication for remote access to your devices. This will add an extra layer of security and make it more difficult for hackers to gain access.
Limit access: Limit the number of people accessing your network. Make sure that only authorized users have access to these devices.
Monitor network: Regularly monitor your network and devices for any suspicious activity. If you notice anything unusual, take action immediately.
Use Virtual Private Network (VPN): A VPN can protect your data from hackers, especially when using a public network.
Turn off unnecessary features: Some IoT comes with features that are not needed, turn those features off to limit the attack surface.
Have a plan: Having a plan in place to respond to security incidents and breaches is important, so you know how to react and handle the situation.
It’s also important to remember that security is constantly evolving, so it’s essential to stay informed and update your security measures accordingly

What are the security risks of IoT?

There are several security risks associated with IoT devices and systems, some of them include:
Inadequate authentication and access controls: Many IoT devices have weak or easily guessable default credentials, and may not have strong authentication mechanisms in place, which makes them vulnerable to hacking.
Insecure communications: IoT devices often use unencrypted or poorly encrypted communications, making it easy for hackers to intercept and steal data.
Lack of software updates: Many IoT devices don’t receive software updates in a timely manner, or at all, leaving them vulnerable to known security vulnerabilities.
Inadequate device management: Many IoT devices are not properly configured or managed, which can make it easy for hackers to access and take control of them.
Privacy breaches: IoT devices collect and transmit large amounts of personal data, which, if not properly protected, can lead to privacy breaches.
Lack of Physical security: Devices can be physically tampered or stolen, allowing an attacker to gain access to the device or network.
It’s essential to be aware of these risks and take steps to protect your devices and systems from them.

What is the best approach for preventing a compromised device?

Preventing a compromised IoT device is an ongoing process that involves multiple layers of defense. The following are some of the best practices for preventing a compromised IoT device:
Secure the device during the manufacturing process: This can include adding secure boot capabilities and firmware signing to the device, and configuring the device with secure default settings.
Use strong and unique password: Change the default credentials that come with the device, and make sure to use strong and unique passwords.
Keep devices and software updated: Regularly update the software on your IoT devices with the latest security patches and updates.
Use encryption: Use encryption for all communications between your devices and servers. This will help protect your data from being intercepted by hackers.
Implement network security measures: Use a firewall and other network security measures to protect your IoT devices and prevent unauthorized access.
Implement two-factor authentication: Use two-factor authentication for remote access to your IoT devices. This will add an extra layer of security and make it more difficult for hackers to access.
It’s also important to keep in mind that security for IoT devices is a constantly evolving field, so it’s important to stay informed and update your security measures accordingly.

What are examples of IoT devices?

Many different types of IoT devices are currently available or in development. Here are a few examples:
Smart home devices
Wearables or mobile devices
Industrial IoT (IIoT) devices
Medical IoT devices
Transportation IoT device
Smart City IoT
These are just a few examples of the many types currently available. As technology continues to advance, more and more devices will become connected, and more industries will be impacted by IoT.

Hi I'm Lars Birkelad. As a dedicated Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) with nearly three decades of experience in IT and information security, I bring a wealth of knowledge to the forefront of cybersecurity. My extensive background encompasses the development and implementation of robust information security and cybersecurity frameworks. Throughout my career, I have collaborated with a diverse range of well-known companies, including government agencies and private firms. I am committed to sharing my expertise and insights to empower individuals and organizations navigating cybersecurity.